Electrical hazards are a major cause of on-the-job injuries and accidents.
Follow the Rules
- Do obey signs, locks, and other electrical hazard warnings.
- Don’t work on live electrical parts or equipment unless you’re qualified.
Prevent Electrical Shock
- Do check that cord insulation is in good condition.
- Do prevent insulation damage by not: tangling or twisting cords, running cords along the floor, using cords to raise or lower items, or fastening cords with nails, staples, or other sharp fasteners.
- Do match plugs and outlets – 3-pronged to 3-pronged – and get a tight connection.
- Do use only approved cords and tools outdoors and in damp areas.
- Do choose and use protective equipment such as rubber gloves and boots and insulated nonconductive tools.
- Don’t touch anything electrical while: standing in a wet area or with wet hands, wearing metal jewelry or a metal hard hat, and holding or touching a metal ladder or uninsulated tool.
- Don’t reach blindly into an area that could contain electrical equipment.
Electrical Shock Response
- Call for help 9-911
- De-energize the circuit.
- Separate the person from the energy source – never grab or pull the person but use a dry wood broom, leather belt, plastic rope, or something similar that is non-conductive to free the person from the energy source.
- Make sure you and the victim are in a safe zone – not in contact with any electrical source, away from downed or broken wires.
- Administer first aid. Apply mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and/or CPR.
- Keep the victim lying down, warm, and comfortable to maintain body heat until help arrives. Do not move the person in case of injury to neck or back.
- If the victim is unconscious, put him/her on their side to let fluids drain.
- Make sure the victim receives professional medical attention (a person shocked could have heart failure hours later).